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臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 弘光通識學報 1 民91.05 頁51-65
篇名 清入關後順治帝的宗教政策
作者 鄭淑蓮
中文摘要   1644年,滿清入關之後,由少數民族躍昇為大帝國的統治者。為鞏固權、建立社會規範與倫理秩序,順治年間確立「崇儒重道」的中心思想,以儒家思想為正道,制定「黜邪崇正」的宗教策,打壓左道異端的宗教信仰,即使對代表民族文化傳統的薩滿教的宗教行為亦嚴加取締。對於在中土流傳已久的佛教、道教,肯定其為善惡的社會功能,但以政治力量統制管理,限制其發展;對藏傳佛教,則遵循入關之前,努爾哈赤和皇太極一貫的宗教政策,刻意扶持黃教,視之為正統,極盡尊崇禮遇,使蒙古、西藏誠心歸附,以達到政治、外交的目的;至於外來的天主教,在亟須傳教育的科學知識為清廷效命之情況下,允許其發展。整體言之,順治帝的宗教政策表現了理性、靈活、高明的策略。
英文摘要   In 1644, after the Manchus had entered Inland China through the Pass of the Great Wall, they ruled the Empire. In order to consolidate their political power and establish social order and ethical codes, they formulated a religious policy by adopting Confucianism. They treated Confucianism as the orthodox ideology while eradicating unorthodox or subversive religions, religions, including the traditional Saman’s sect. Buddhism and Taoism were highly respected for their social functions, but they were under political control and restrictions were placed on their development. The Buddhist traditional from Tibet was regarded as a Dominant one and was highly respected as before. Mongolians and Tibetans remained obedient to the Ch’ing court. Thus reached its political and diplomatic purposes. Ad for the foreign religious, Catholicism was allowed to develop because the missionaries’ scientific knowledge was urgently needed by the imperial China. On the whole, Emperor Shun-chih’s religious policy demonstrated a rational, flexible, and sophisticated orientation.