國家圖書館 期刊文獻資訊網

連結國家圖書館 連結期刊文獻資訊網

臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 臺大歷史學報 30 民91.12 頁75-100
篇名 從律令制度看奈良時代的社會等級結構
作者 徐建新
中文摘要   古代日本的身分制即是古代日本社會結構中的等級制度。在以中國古代文化為範式的古代東亞文化圈形成、確立的過程中,日本古代國家在引進中國唐代的法律制度時,也引進了中國式的社會等級制度──良賤身分制。良賤身分的劃分本質上是古代國家對社會成員進行統治的一種工具,具有「國家身分」的性質。「良人共同體」內部實際上包含了階級的對立和階層的分裂。根據良人和賤民的出身、職業以及在國家社會生活中的權利 (特別是特權) 和義務等方面來分析,日本古代社會中主要存在著三個社會等級,即貴族等級、公民等級和賤民等級。
英文摘要   The Ancient Japanese Legal Status System was in fact a hierarchical system in its social structure. In its process of crystallization of ancient eastern cultural circle, which was patterned on ancient Chinese culture, the ancient Japanese state transformed the status system into a social hierarchical system of Chinese-style, while following legal system of Chinese Tang Dynasty. The status system was indeed the instrument by which the government controlled its people. In the so-called “community of the nobles”, the struggle and separation of classes remained. Analyzing from the identity and career of the noble and the humble, their rights and duties (esp. privileges) in social life in ancient Japanese society, the division of three social classes, that of noble, citizen and humble, could be completed.