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臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 環境保護 20:1 民86.06 頁69-90
篇名 Marine Environmental Monitoring and QA/QC System in Taiwan
作者 洪楚璋 ; 凌永健 ; 鄭偉力 ; 黃哲崇 ; 韓柏檉
中文摘要        由於人口增加,工業與農業快速發展,致使臺灣西部地區未經處理或處理不足之 都市污水及工農業廢污水均經由小溪,河川流入西部海域,導致西岸海域污染日趨嚴重。為 確保西岸海域生態環境及漁業生物資源,筆者等由民國 62 年開始,曾進行臺灣西岸沿海生 態環境調查研究工作;調查項目包括非生物因子 (如海潮流,海水與沈積物之物理化學性質 ) 與生物因子 (如基礎生產力,浮游植物與浮游動物,底棲生物及魚類等種間關係 )。由民 國 76 年筆者等配合環保署建立海洋環境偵測系統之品質保証與品質管制系統。本文目的除 報導近年來臺灣西岸沿海環境偵測結果外,並介紹該等偵測包括 " 貝類偵測計劃 " 之品質 保証與品質管制系統。
英文摘要        Due to the dense population, the modern agricultural practice and rapid industrial expansion, the coastal environment of western Taiwan is receiving an ever increasing impact from all kinds of human activities. The untreated and/or treated industrial and municipal wastes are often directly dumped into the near-by river-system, and the rivers carry excessive fertilizers, pesticides and all kinds of human wastes into the coastal waters. In order to safe guard our coastal environments and to protect our marine resources, we have made several hydrological, chemical, biological, ecological and geological monitoring on the rivers, estuaries and coastal environments in the western part of Taiwan since 1973. The survey items include nonbiological factors such as nearshore ocean currents, physical and chemical properties of sea water, and biological factors such as primary productivity, specific compositions and interspecific relationships among phyto-and zooplankton, algae, invertebrates, corals and fishes. Beginning in 1987, the quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) system and good laboratory practice for environmental monitoring have been established. The procedures and frequency used for periodic calibration of the equipment in the monitoring must be specific. Calibration includes initial calibration, routine calibration, and specific calibration. The present paper attempts to introduce the QA/QC system for marine environmental monitoring, and to report the recent monitoring results, particularly the mussel watch monitoring program, on pollution along the western coast of Taiwan.