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臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 臺灣民主季刊 4:2 2007.06[民96.06] 頁1-31
篇名 公民社會與民主政治的相互建構--日本與臺灣近年組織性公民社會發展之比較
作者 丁仁方
中文摘要   本文檢視日本與台灣兩國近年組織性公民社會的發展,發現兩國公民社會的發展呈現不同的路徑,與民主政治之間也有不同型態的相互建構關係。1990年代以前,日本組織性公民社會因為國家壟斷公共領域而發展受限,但仍受益民主體制持續擴張,後因特定危機事件得以擴大結盟並改變國家壟斷優勢,之後也強化了與國家之間的連結關係。台灣公民社會的發展經由1980年代社會運動突破威權體制對結社的限制,之後逐漸朝向社會組織化的方向發展,並嘗試與政府建立更具治理效能的合作關係。
英文摘要   This paper examines recent developments in organized civil society in Japan and Taiwan, and finds different paths of development and patterns of mutual constitution between civil society and democracy. Organized civil society in Japan is restricted mostly because of state monopolization of the public arena, but it did benefit from democracy and expand continuously before the 1990s. Organized civil society later gained some momentum from a specific crisis, which gave it leverage to strengthen alliances and influence the state monopolization, as well as strengthen its connections with the state. In comparison, civil society in Taiwan expanded after the state lifted the restrictions on the right to organize following the social movement’s successful breakdown of the authoritarian regime in the 1980s. Afterwards, civil society refocused on social organization and tried to establish a relationship with government with greater governance effectiveness.