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臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 大專體育學刊 13:1 2011.03[民100.03] 頁10-22
篇名 Impacts of 2008 Beijing Olympic Games on National Identity: Perspectives of Collegiate Athletes in Taiwan
作者 李炳昭 ; 湯添進
中文摘要   本文旨在探究2008年北京舉辦奧運以及隨之崛起的中國國家主義對臺灣人民(大專運動選手)國家認同的影響。研究方法:於2007年5月進行2,176位參與當屆全國大專運動會選手的問卷調查,回收有效問卷1,929份。2008年北京奧運結束之後再訪談其中50位選手。研究結果如下:兩岸在國際奧林匹克運動發展中的國家認同爭論持續進行;雖然臺灣/中華民國目前得以「中華臺北」稱號參與國際運動事務,受訪者認為最適當名稱應是「臺灣」;京奧的舉辦致使中國國家主義更加蓬勃發展,中國政府達成其國內政治意圖,但是對於臺灣大專運動選手,相對的效應並不明顯。以此,本研究結論為:臺灣大專運動選手的政治認同已難被北京奧運所影響。然而,在某種程度上,京奧似乎增進了部分選手的「中華文化」認同。
英文摘要   This article examines the impact of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games on national identity in Taiwan with respect to the boosting of Chinese nationalism that developed around the Games. A survey was conducted on 2,176 collegiate athletes who participated in the 2007 National Intercollegiate Athletic Games in May 2007, and 1,929 responses were considered valid. Furthermore, 50 of the 1929 athletes agreed to attend individual interviews after the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games terminated. The key research results are as follows: The contending national identities in Olympic movement between China and Taiwan still continues. Though Taiwan/ROC can participate in the international sporting arena in the name of "Chinese Taipei," participants referred the name of Taiwan occupied first position. Chinese nationalism has been successfully boosted by Beijing's hosting the 2008 Olympic Games, which aided to achieve the Chinese government's political goals domestically. However, relevant effects on Taiwanese collegiate athletes were not evident. The paper concludes that the development of Taiwanese collegiate athletes' political identity is difficult to be influenced by the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. Nevertheless, the Games to some extent has strengthened Chinese cultural identity among some Taiwanese collegiate athletes who acknowledge and honor their Chinese heritage.