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臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 中國大陸研究 55:3 2012.09[民101.09] 頁57-83
篇名 想像的階層流動:中國大陸臺灣學生的就學就業分析
作者 林平
中文摘要   當大部分以國際學生為主題的研究,著重在已開發國家中的外籍學生時,本文是以進入開發中國家的學生為對象。根據筆者2004-2005 年與2009-2011 年對廣州、上海與北京三地大學全職就讀的台灣學生觀察,加上其他相關資料,筆者發現,影響台灣學生在兩岸間就學與就業意願的,表面上是務實的就學/就業機會,但深層的原因是對中國的想像以及階層上升的期望。 早期當事人多成長於戒嚴時期,受到當時台灣社會的影響,對中國大陸有著「古典中國」的想像,偏好前往有一定歷史意涵的大學進修文史哲或中醫等類科,希望增進自己的內涵性文化資本。中期當事人受到台灣民主轉型以及中國經濟發展的影響,對中國大陸的沿海城市有 著「現代中國」的想像,偏向從有歷史意涵的大學中選擇法律經貿醫學等實務類科,希望所增進的文化資本未來能轉換成經濟資本。晚期的當事人受到兩岸政治經濟發展的影響,對中國更有國際化的想像,是「小市民天堂」,更加偏向選擇就業導向的學科。 然而當事人就學之後發現,經歷文革的「古典中國」,已經不是培育內涵性文化資本的好選擇;如果沒有足夠的當地社會資本,很難在看似迷人的「現代中國」生存;「小市民天堂」的中國,背後卻是大陸學歷的障礙,以及缺乏當地人脈的困難。最後,除了少部分當事之外 ,他們對中國的想像與向上流動的期望,都經不起現實生活的挑戰,陷入進退失據的情況。
英文摘要   Abstract While social mobility and international migration are regarded as two irrelevant fields of studies, this author argues that both are important to illustrate the features of international students, especially Taiwanese college students in China. The author presents that their image of China and motivation for upward mobility as the crucial factors to explain their study in China. Respondents pursuing college degrees of the early stage(early 1990s) were fond of the image of Historical China in cities like Beijing. They aimed for the embedded Chinese cultural capital and treated it as the key element to define their positions in the social strata. Respondents of the mid stage(late 1990s- early 2000s)were attracted to the image of Modern China in cities like Shanghai. They expected to accumulate both the embedded and the institutionalized capital in order to have their own careers in China. Respondents after early-2000s are pragmatic. They stress on the education or training which will lead to profitable jobs in the future. However, few respondents reach their goals. Respondents of the early stage discovered that the authentic Chinese culture was gone, and China is no longer the proper place to enrich their Chinese cultural capital. Respondents of the mid stage eventually realized that social capital, instead of cultural capital, was vital to their own careers in China. The most recent respondents are still bothered because their Chinese degrees still are not recognized in Taiwan. Although most respondents enriched their lives via studying in China, they obtained less than what they originally expected.