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摘要

本篇出處 嘉大中文學報 7 2012.03[民101.03] 頁123-156
篇名 明代時調民歌《掛枝兒》女性情感與俗信仰探究--以私、歡、別、怨、隙、感部為主
作者 劉淑娟
中文摘要   明代之宗教信仰基本上是三教合一,佛教、道教與儒教並存。明朝政府律令卻明文規定明代女子不得入寺廟燒香拜拜,然而,此種現象到了明代中後期卻失去規範性。羅曼.羅蘭言:「信仰不是一門學問,信仰是一種行為;它只在被實踐的時候,才有意義。」民間的文學作品為庶民文化生活留下生動記錄,呈現基層百姓俗思想、俗信仰之風貌,文學意義十分深遠。明代的時調民歌正反映了市井百姓的世俗信仰特色,民間社會信仰觀念的多元特性。本文以明代最具代表性之一的時調民歌集《掛枝兒》為探討文本,以文本分析法,探究《掛枝兒》中女性情感與俗信仰的關係,關注的要點有:世俗信仰之種類及其情感生活當下信仰產生的原因;民間信仰、俗信仰等在市井女性情感生活中之地位與所發揮的功能;民間信仰的作用對於市井女性心靈、精神之重要性。凡此以呈顯明代市井女性情感構面之俗信仰特色。本文之探究,對於共時性的明代時調民歌之女性書寫,提供《掛枝兒》女性信仰這一部分之參照,再則對於歷時性的女性與宗教、女性與信仰等議題探討,補足明代民間市井女性與俗信仰方面的研究。
英文摘要   Basically, the religions of Ming Dynasty include Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism, and they're three in one. However, female were not permitted to go into the temple to worship and pray by Ming's law. This phenomenon is not regulated in the late Ming Dynasty. As Roman Roland said:“Religion is not a knowledge. It's a behavior. Only when it is practiced, it makes sense. The popular literature records the folk culture, and represents the folk ideology as well as the popular religion of ordinary citizens. It's literary meaning is quite significant.The collections of Ming folk songs reflects the religious diversity among the ordinary people. Choosing one of the representative Ming ballads "Gua Zhi Er", this paper use text analysis to explore the relationship between the female emotions and folk religion. The main points include the types of popular religion and how they were caused by the popular female's emotional life, the importance and functions of folk religion regarding with the popular female emotional life, and the significance of folk beliefs for the marketplaces' female minds and spirits. All the points demonstrate the characteristics of folk religion among popular females. The significance of this study is to provide a reference of the female religion from "Gua Zhi Er" to the synchronic female writings of Ming ballads, and to complement the study of popular female and folk religion for the diachronic topics about female and religion.