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臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 人口學刊 46 2013.06[民102.06] 頁87-119
篇名 巴西招徠臺灣人移民--1960年代我國政府的態度與人民的反應
作者 湯熙勇
中文摘要   1950年代,巴西政府為了開發其廣大的土地資源,向臺灣政府建議自臺灣移民至巴西,成為臺灣輿論討論的議題。對於巴西政府的建議,臺灣政府的態度與臺灣人民的反應為何,這是本文探討的目的。臺灣政府對臺灣人移民巴西的態度保守,但是臺灣人為了尋求良好的生活環境,移民巴西的意願很高。臺灣人民以家庭為移民單位,搭船或飛機抵達聖保羅或海息飛等城市;但是也有臺灣人經由巴拿馬或巴拉圭,非法進入巴西,其後,還是獲得巴西政府提供居留許可。移民巴西的臺灣人中,有農夫、退伍軍人、商人等,在巴西的鄉村從事農業種植,或在城市經營小型貿易或開餐館。移民巴西的臺灣人,以從事提包生意作為開始。為了推銷生意,他們必須克服說葡萄牙語的障礙,努力地在巴西尋求較好地生活。臺灣人移民巴西的故事,已經成為臺灣移民史的一部分。
英文摘要   This paper focuses on the attitude of Taiwan's government toward the immigration of Taiwanese people to Brazil and their reactions. In the 1950's, the Brazil government arranged with the Taiwan government for Taiwanese people to immigrate to Brazil to promote the development of agriculture, but after several years, the government of Taiwan halted this out of fear that young Taiwanese immigrants would not return, and would thus not be available to help fight against military attacks from mainland China. However, in order to look for better living conditions, in the 1960s a number of Taiwanese families emigrated to Brazil, arriving by ship or by airplane at the port city in São Paulo. Also, many Taiwanese entered Brazil via Panama and Paraguay illegally, later obtaining legal resident status.Early Taiwanese immigrants were mainly farmers. Later groups of retired military veterans and small merchants either farmed or started small commercial activities. During the following years, most immigrants abandoned their agricultural activities and established stores specializing in Taiwan's products or Chinese restaurants, and stayed in the city of São Paulo. Taiwanese immigrants endeavored to make a better living in Brazil. Many devoted themselves to the handbag business, as it required only a small amount of start-up money. In order to do business with customers and to sell their goods, Taiwanese immigrants also worked hard to overcome the language barrier. In fact, the story of Taiwanese migration to Brazil has been a major part of the history of Taiwanese immigrants.