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摘要

本篇出處 哲學與文化 42:2=489 2015.02[民104.02] 頁7-22
篇名 雨果:從「桂冠詩人」到共和國的代言人--一個19世紀法國公共知識份子的思想軌跡
作者 車琳
中文摘要   雨果是一個描繪時代風雲變幻的作家,一個與世紀同行的知識份子。他生活在法國歷史上一個政治動盪的時期,那個時代的作家在思想上和文學上所承擔的角色,大多數他都先後體驗過:反對大革命的詩人、浪漫主義文學領袖、路易-菲利浦王朝的得志文人、指摘時弊的政論家、流亡的先知、通靈的詩人、人民心中的偶像。雨果終生追求社會正義和人類進步,以文字段發人們的良知,他的身上體現了一個真正的公共知識份子的三種人生關懷:知識關懷、道德關懷和社會關懷。本文基於雨果的生平與作品,借鑒薩義德、福柯等學者對於知識份子的研究,力圖主現雨果成為19世紀法國一個典型公共知識份子的思想軌跡,並分析其成就與局限。
英文摘要   Victor Hugo is a writer of his time who embodied the consciousness of the 19th century in France. In a politically turbulent time, he successively played the roles of "poet laureate," leader of romanticism, exiled writer, prophet, "father of the republic," etc. He pursued justice and progress in his life and in his works. Hugo combined the intellectual, moral and social dimensions in his role of a true public intellectual. This article will review the career of this great writer who participated actively in the public-affairs discourse of society, and examine the course of his thought development through the studies conducted by some scholars, such as Edward Said and Michel Foucault, on the relationship between intellectuals and power.