國家圖書館 期刊文獻資訊網

連結國家圖書館 連結期刊文獻資訊網

臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 近代中國婦女史研究 24 2014.12[民103.12] 頁47-82
篇名 戰爭記憶與殖民地經驗:開原綠的臺灣日記
作者 洪郁如
中文摘要   戰時日記以日常形式記載非日常,同時也在非日常中書寫日常。日本殖民地統治的政治社會結構與戰爭動員交疊下的重力,又可能出現在殖民地戰時日記書寫隱藏的日常與非日常之緊張關係中。本論文以日本女性所遺留一冊書寫於1944年的臺灣日記作為分析對象,試圖從日本帝國史/殖民統治歷史批判中尋找新的思考可能性。日記書寫,如何記憶戰爭與殖民地經驗,經常取決於日記作者在性別、政治、世代等結構中的「位置」。首先就性別位置而言,相對於日本男性在戰場留下的多數的從軍日記,日本女性在後方書寫的家庭日記所記錄的意義為何?其次以政治位置來看,當這個後方場景設於日本帝國殖民地臺灣,臺灣社會史可以用怎樣的觀點處理日本帝國殖民史的一個記憶片斷。最後以世代位置觀之,家族成員如何面對日記,家族史如何解釋或整合戰爭記憶與殖民地經驗?而研究者在家族紀錄與所謂史料之間,性別政治與世代之間,又該如何意識與面對自己的位置。本文藉由這些穿插交錯於日記內外,牽涉寫作者與閱讀者,纏繞支配與被支配,跨越戰前與戰後的不同位置,個人恬淡日常與日本帝國殖民史和戰爭之間,將呈現另一種形式的批判與對話。
英文摘要   Diaries kept during wartime employ an everyday, casual style to describe extraordinary events. At the same time, they narrate everyday life under a non-everyday situation. How, then, can we understand the heavy burdens of the sociopolitical structure under the Japanese colonial rule and wartime mobilization, which will be found in the delicate balance between ordinariness and non-ordinariness in the wartime diary? This article, through the analysis of a Japanese woman's diary from 1944 attempts to explore the possibility of a critique from the viewpoint of Japanese imperial history and colonial rule. How the writer of the diary recalls the war and the colonial experience normally depends on her structural "position", such as gender, political orientation, and generation. First, in regard to gender, how should we evaluate diaries written by Japanese women at home which, in contrast to those written by men on the battlefield and including much information about the war, tend to focus on daily events rather than war itself? Second, from the view of political orientation, what is an appropriate attitude for a student of Taiwanese social history when handling the personal narratives of Japanese imperial rule that were written at home in Taiwan under the colonial rule of Japan? Third, from the view of generation, how should family members approach the diary, or the students of family history interrelate or combine the memory of war and the colonial experience found within it? How should we understand and relocate ourselves between family records and so-called "historical materials," as well as between politic situations and generations? Through the intricate relations between the diary and surrounding conditions, the writer and the reader, the ruler and the subordinate, the pre-war and the post-war, we will uncover a new style of critique and dialogue between everyday personal life and war.