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摘要

本篇出處 淡江外語論叢 25 2015.06[民104.06] 頁137-161
篇名 Krieg und Kolonialismus in Kafkas Strafkolonie
作者 張堯欽
中文摘要   卡夫卡《流刑地》一般詮釋為作者罪惡感情結的呈現,本文則置於時代脈絡來處理:首先說明第一次世界大戰前夕對暴力解決的狂熱迷信,溯源小說中透過行刑機器所展現的暴力傾向;其次探討卡夫卡對戰爭的反應,他潛藏的反戰傾向,亦是建構此小說的重要概念,不亞於其懲罰想像;最後援引殖民統治的實際狀況,與小說中的描述作比較,彰顯小說中含藏的軍事特徵。
英文摘要   This thesis treats Kafka's In the Penal Colony from the standpoint of the context of the time. In the atmosphere before the outbreak of the First World War the violence became a cult and was to be thought a resolution of politic dilemma. The novel reflected the tendency of the times; its execution machine could serve as incarnation of violence. Kafka's reaction to the war- his latent antiwar attitude- was also an important constituent element of the novel. The real situations of colonies are also compared to the descriptions in the novel which contains negative respectively positive military characteristics.