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摘要

本篇出處 淡江外語論叢 25 2015.06[民104.06] 頁184-204
篇名 俄漢語言世界圖景中的「犧牲」概念
作者 葉相林
中文摘要   本文從語言文化學角度分析俄漢價值觀中具有重要意義的「犧牲」概念;透過俄漢語「犧牲」概念的對比分析得知,這個概念在兩個語言文化中有其相近的意涵,但犧牲的行為或精神所涉及的社會文化背景、動機、目的和它所反映的道德價值觀,以及對犧牲者的界定,則不盡相同,分別呈現兩種各具特點的語言世界圖景。
英文摘要   This paper presents a linguo-cultural analysis of "sacrifice" which is an important concept both in Chinese and Russian value systems. Despite the similarity of their lexical meanings, the analysis comparing this concept between two languages reveals the discrepancies of the following aspects of an act or a spirit of sacrifice: its social and cultural background, motivation, purpose, the definitions for the role of a victim, and the moral values behind the behavior. This comparative analysis as a whole explores the features of worldview reflected in the above-mentioned languages.