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摘要

本篇出處 宗教哲學 73 2015.09[民104.09] 頁1-18
篇名 人類進步觀念演變中的宗教反思
作者 巨克毅
中文摘要   進步指的是在人類歷史發展的時間進程中,人們相信世界會不斷地改變,而且會變得更好與完美。今日進步觀念已成為人們普遍的信念,就個人而言:進步指的是個人的人格成長與人性完善的程度;就社會群體而言:進步指的是人類物質文明的發展與繁榮,更重要的是指人類物質生活的不斷成長,人們冀求一種更幸福、更充裕的生活狀態。迄至今日,人類文明已發展到「全球化」尖端科技的進步時代,然而從宗教信仰面向的觀察與反省,仍有待吾人重視進步觀念所帶來新的全球性問題與挑戰。審視人類進步的發展歷程,物質生活在科學實證主義,功利主義觀念的支配下,其繁榮與進步最為顯著,但是人類內在精神生命的發展則呈現發展顛倒的矛盾現象,正說明人類前途的偏差錯誤與深刻危機。吾人以為拯救人類危機,引導人心向善,建立一完善幸福、內外兼顧的人生方向,仍然必須依賴各大宗教力量;在宗教信仰無限心靈的光照之下,人類內在生命懂得愛人、慈悲、感恩、惜福;人類外在生活世界能夠建立一種和諧、正義、自由、富足的大同社會。
英文摘要   The word progression is defined, in the course of the development of human history, with the belief that the world is continuously changing into a place more perfect. The concept of progression is not alien to modern people anymore. To individuals, making one's progression means to grow more mature in one's personality and to fulfill one's humanity .To groups in societies, progression means to become more prosperous and developed in material civilization, and what matters more is obviously their material lives which keep progressing and the idea that people hope to be more content and fulfilled in their daily life. Up until today, human civilizations have become globalized with their advanced technologies; however, we are still encountered with new problems brought to us by new technologies if we observe and reflect on ourselves from a religious point of view. Looking back at the course of the human development, the material life of human beings has made the most progress under the domination of scientific positivism and utilitarianism, and yet the spiritual life of human is contrarily presented as a paradoxical situation of retrogression ,which fully implies human beings will have a mislead future and are in a serious crisis. I believe that only through the power of religions that human could be lead to the right path and be saved from serious crises and become more balanced both internally and externally. Under the light given by limitless minds of all religions, the inner side of human beings could release their love, compassion and kindness and mercy, and the outer world of human being could be built as a society which is just, liberated, harmonious and fulfilling.