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臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 澳門研究 2014:2=73 2014.06[民103.06] 頁123-133+198
篇名 分化與整合︰明代澳門華人社會結構分析
作者 張中鵬
中文摘要   自開埠以來,華人始終是澳門社會中最重要的族群之一。明代中後期,隨着華人華商 不斷的移入及定居,華人社會逐漸興起並日益走向複雜化。其具體主要表現在於職業分化上,通 事、商販、工匠、船員、僕役、兵士、農民相繼出現。雖然真正意義的宗族、會館或商會尚未及 見,但以民間信仰為中心的祭祀場所卻發揮着替代性作用。一定程度上,明代澳門華人社會組織 化進程由此展開。
英文摘要   The Chinese Community is one of the most important groups in Macau since its inception 400 years ago. With the constant immigration of Chinese merchants during the late Ming Dynasty, the Chinese community in Macau began to grow gradually and became most diverse, particularly in terms of the occupational differentiation including interpreters, traders, craftsmen, shipmen, servants, soldiers and farmers. Social differentiation goes with social integration. The organizational process of the Chinese community in Macau started to develop since then. Although the clan in a real sense and the chamber of commerce had not been established during the Ming Dynasty, the places of worship centered around folk beliefs acted as a substitute. This kind of ritual behavior is a reflection of regional awareness and social alliance in some sense