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臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 輔仁歷史學報 35 2015.09[民104.09] 頁239-283
篇名 戰時思惟下的戰後臺灣新聞管制政策(1949~1960)
作者 林果顯
中文摘要   本文主要的提問是:在 1950年代的臺灣,戰時思惟對於新聞管制政策究竟發生了哪些影響?兩次大規模的軍事危機,使得戰爭不再只是待機準備,炮火下各種緊急而迫切的議題促使中華民國政府必須調整政策以茲因應,新聞管制工作亦為其中一環。這其中包含宣傳指揮體系的強化,軍事新聞的發布程序與檢查,以及對媒體的聯繫與輿論控制,某個意義上,兩次臺海危機正好檢證中華民國如何在不斷宣稱的「反共戰爭」中,展現協調整合黨、政、軍宣傳單位的能力,並呈現統治當局戰時理想的新聞政策與媒體環境。本文指出,統治當局有關臺灣處於戰時的理解,影響到他們介入媒體環境的決心,也反映在新聞管制上的實際作為。
英文摘要   What this article wants to ask is the relation between wartime thinking and the press regulation policy in 1950s Taiwan. For the First and the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, the ROC government has to prepare for war including the media blackout. Concretely speaking, the government strengthens the control system of propaganda, establish the procedure of issuing press releases about military affairs and wartime censorship, and makes sure the media under control during the two crisis time. It is the chance to examine the ability of the ROC government about coordinating the actions between the propaganda departments of KMT party, the government and the military. And it also shows the ideal media policy and media environment in wartime. This article wants to argue that the wartime understanding determined the government to intensely control Taiwan media and to make the wartime press regulation policy.