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摘要

本篇出處 歐美研究 47:2 2017.06[民106.06] 頁177-214
篇名 Ethnic Variations in Characteristics of First Unions among Asian American Young Adults
作者 鄭雁馨
中文摘要   本研究探討亞裔美籍青年初婚與首次同居的特徵,並聚焦於不同族群如東亞裔、菲律賓裔、與南亞裔的美籍青年之間的差異。本研究運用第四波的美國青少年健康長期追蹤資料庫 (National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, Add Health) 作為資料來源。本波資料收集了在2007-2008年間25-32歲的所有受訪者完整的親密關係與婚姻資訊 (union histories),這為研究青年移民的初婚與首次同居經驗提供了絕佳的研究素材。研究發現顯示,在考慮了社會人口特徵之後,同居經驗的普及率在各族群間相當類似。就婚姻而言,東亞裔與菲律賓裔的美籍青年較南亞裔青年更容易延遲結婚。菲律賓裔青年較其他兩族群青年有更高比例將首次同居關係轉為婚姻,也有更高比例在婚前同居。而就親密伴侶而言,東亞裔青年有更高比例會與白人同居或是結婚。與東亞裔青年相比,菲律賓裔青年則較容易與其他亞裔青年或是其他少數族群同居,而不是與白人同居。本研究的發現顯示族群差異在研究亞裔美籍青年的同居或結婚是一個重要且不可忽視的變項,反映亞裔族群整體的多元性與在家庭行為上的差異。
英文摘要   This study investigates the characteristics of first cohabitations and first marriages formed by Asian American young adults, focusing specifically on ethnic variations between East Asian, Filipino, and South Asian Americans. The fourth wave of Add Health data, which collects complete union histories of all respondents between the ages of 25 to 32 in years 2007-2008, offers a unique opportunity to study first unions formed by recent young immigrants. The findings show that the level of cohabitation is very similar across all Asian subgroups when socio-demographic covariates are considered. East Asians and Filipinos delay marriage longer than do South Asians. Filipinos are more likely to turn a first cohabitation into a marriage and to have a first marriage preceded by cohabitation than are the other two groups. Finally, East Asians are significantly more likely to have a white cohabiting or married partner. Compared with their East Asian peers, Filipinos are more likely to cohabit with Asian coethnics or with individuals from other minority groups than with whites. The analyses presented here reveal that ethnic variations should not be overlooked when studying cohabitation and marriage among Asian Americans.