國家圖書館 期刊文獻資訊網

連結國家圖書館 連結期刊文獻資訊網

臺灣期刊論文索引

摘要

本篇出處 臺陽文史研究 3 2018.01[民107.01] 頁67-99
篇名 隱藏的參與者--《臺灣府志》纂修與沈光文貢獻研究
作者 王淑蕙
中文摘要   清代臺灣修志,始於朝廷纂修《大清一統志》之全國性政策。康熙25年(1686)第一本臺灣官修志書《臺灣府志》,根據書前〈序〉文記載初稿完成的時間僅僅兩三個月,嘉慶年間纂修之《續修臺灣縣志》尚且有「治臺灣難,志臺灣尤難」的說法,兩相對比,首任宦臺官員如何克服困難於兩三個月完成《臺灣府志》,成為清代臺灣方志之奠基鉅作,值得探究。《臺灣府志》內含臺灣府、臺灣縣、鳳山縣、諸羅縣,依例主修應是福建分巡臺廈道周昌,或是責成臺灣知府蔣毓英帶領纂志團隊,然而由《臺灣府志》僅有的兩篇書前〈序〉文主筆都是諸羅知縣季麒光,則季麒光儼然為志書主修。季氏先於康熙25年1月17日提出「丁憂離臺」的申請,又於2月擔任《臺灣府志》主修,嚴重違反禮部大喪需回籍守制的規定。原來季氏欲以妻喪作為父喪之離臺理由,此事需要上級長官周全,正巧朝廷下達《福建通志》需納入《臺灣府志》的旨令,福建巡撫金鋐欲於4月卸任前完成此事,彼時一府三縣官員中,臺灣知縣沈朝聘亦遭大喪而回鄉守制,儒學教師還未到任,臺灣知府與鳳山知縣僅來臺年餘,未達全境,難以擔當重任。僅季氏之知交前輩沈光文寓臺30年,著述頗多,故由季氏擔任主修、沈氏為輔,才能於兩個月完稿,再由道廈道周昌內渡上繳福建志局,5月由金鋐主持補入《福建通志》完成朝廷旨令。作為《臺灣府志》之重要參修者,沈光文為清代臺灣方志奠下良好的基礎,後世以「海東文獻初祖」稱譽,允為確論。
英文摘要   The Qing Dynasty Taiwan Chorography edit, began in the court compilation of "Daqing unified mission" of the national policy. According to the preface of the first draft recorded, the first Taiwanese official book "Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer" was completes in just two or three months in Kangxi twenty-five years (1686). There are a statement that "Governance of Taiwan is difficult, but Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer editing is particularly difficult" by "The Sequel Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer" editing in the Jiaqing years. On the contrast, how the first Taiwanese officials can overcome difficulties to complete the "Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer" in only two or three months, and became the Qing Dynasty Taiwanese local foundations masterpiece, is worth studying. "Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer" contains Taiwanese government, Taiwan County, Fengshan County, Zhuluo County. In accordance with the case should be based on Fu-Jian sub-station Taixia Zhou Chang, or instructed Taiwanese governor Jiang Yu-Ying leading the compilation team. However, the main author is Zhuluo county magistrate - Ji Qi-Quang in the only two prefaces of the "Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer", then he as if the book chief editor. Because of his father's death, Mr. Ji first submit application for leave from Taiwan on January 17 of the Kangxi Period and then major in "Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer" in February. This is a serious violation of the rules of courtesy. Ji Qi-Quang governed the vast territory of Zhuluo. Aboriginal people far more than the Han people, for safety reasons, a government officials are concentrated in the near government office, and hardly difficult to fully manage. Shen Guang-Wen who is a good friend of Mr. Ji, stationed in Taiwan for 30 years. Thus, the book can be completed in two months by the major editor of Mr. Ji and Shen as the assistance. Therefore, Shen Guang- Wen became the main assistant person of the first draft "Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer", who had the actual twenty years of inspection records. This issue laid a good foundation for the Qing Dynasty Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer.