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摘要

本篇出處 體育學報 50:4 2017.12[民106.12] 頁451-467
篇名 冒險教育課程對受災青少年復原力之成效研究
作者 吳崇旗 ; 謝智謀
中文摘要   緒論:隨著天然災害持續發生,協助受災青少年進行心理創傷恢復便成為災後重建的重要議題。經過冒險教育課程中冒險與挑戰元素的促進,已證實能夠增進面臨困境青少年的復原力。有鑑於此,本研究目的探討冒險教育課程對受災青少年復原力之成效。方法:本研究以效益為導向之活動計畫模式為主軸進行冒險教育課程之設計,並採「不等組前-後測」準實驗設計,以30位受災青少年為實驗對象,依有無參加冒險教育課程者,分為實驗組與對照組各15位,並透過5週40小時的冒險教育課程介入,以「青少年復原力量表」檢驗復原力之成效。研究所得資料則以相依樣本t檢定與單因子多變項共變數進行分析。結果:有參加冒險教育課程的實驗組參與者之後測分數,在復原力量表的四個構面:問題解決與認知成熟、希望與樂觀、同理心與人際互動及情緒調節上均明顯優於對照組參與者,並達到統計上顯著水準。依據實驗組效果量結果發現有輕度到中度的正向改變。結論:冒險教育課程能夠對受災青少年帶來正向復原力。
英文摘要   Introduction: Natural disasters are of frequent occurrence; therefore, how to assist the adolescents suffering from disaster recover their psychological trauma had become an important issue. It was testified that through the promotion of two elements for adventure and challenge in adventure education courses could enhance resilience for troubled adolescents. Hence, the purpose of this research was to evaluate the effects of adventure education courses on resilience for adolescents suffering from disaster. Methods: These adventure education courses were designed following the benefits-based management activity planning model. Then, quasi-experimental as well as the pretest-posttest nonequivalent groups design were used. Participants were 30 adolescents suffering from disaster and divided into two groups: an experimental group with participating in adventure education courses (n=15) and a control group without participation (n=15). The scale of "adolescent's resilience" was used to examine the effects of the adventure education courses for five-weeks-forty-hours intervention. Data analysis was conducted by the methods of paired t test and One-way MANCOVA. Results: The experimental group achieved more significant and positive improvement on four subscales of resilience: problem solving and cognitive maturity, hope and optimism, empathy and interpersonal interaction, and emotional regulation than the control group. Also, the low to medium levels of positive change were found for effect size from experimental group. Conclusions: The designed adventure education courses could bring out positive effect on resilience for adolescents suffering from disaster.